Common Plants of North America

Common Plants of North America

1. Prickly wild rose/Rosa acicularis

Rosa acicularis is a deciduous shrub growing 1–3 m tall.  The flowers are pink (rarely white), 3.5–5 cm diameter; the hips are red, pear-shaped to ovoid, 10–15 mm diameter…is the most abundant rose species growing in the boreal forests of northern Canada and Alaska.

2. Red Clover / Trifolium pratense / Trefoil

Genus of about 300 species of plants in the leguminous pea family Fabaceae…An herbaceous,short-lived perennial plant…Several species are extensively cultivated as animal feed.

3. Fireweed / Epilobium angustifolium / Great Willow-herb

Fireweed derives from the species’ abundance as a coloniser on burnt sites after forest fires.   The young shoots were often collected in the spring by Native American people and mixed with other greens…they are a good source of vitamin C and pro-vitamin A…In Alaska, candies, syrups, jellies, and even ice cream are made from fireweed. Monofloral honey made primarily from fireweed nectar has a distinctive, spiced flavor…In Russia, its leaves were often used as tea substitute and were even exported, known in Western Europe as Kapor tea. Fireweed leaves can undergo fermentation, much like real tea. Today, Kapor tea is still occasionally consumed though not commercially important.

4. Queen Anne’s Lace / Daucus carota / Wild carrot / Bird’s nest / Bishop’s lace

A flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, domesticated carrots are cultivars of a subspecies, Daucus carota subsp. sativus…Like the cultivated carrot, the wild carrot root is edible while young, but quickly becomes too woody to consume. Wild carrot was introduced and naturalised in North America, where it is often known as “Queen Anne‘s lace”. It is so called because the flower resembles lace; the red flower in the center represents a blood droplet where Queen Anne pricked herself with a needle when she was making the lace. The function of the tiny red flower, colored by anthocyanin, is to attract insects. The crushed seeds were once thought to be a form of birth control.


5. Joe-Pye weeds / Eutrochium  / Queen of the Meadow / Kidney Root

Eutrochium is a genus of herbaceous flowering plants in Asteraceae. They are commonly referred to as Joe-Pye weeds. They are native to Eastern North America and have non-dissected foliage and pigmented flowers.

6. Blackberry / Rubus fruticosa / Bramble

Produced by Rubus fruticosus, or any of several hybrids between that species and others of the Rubus genus in the Rosaceae family. The term ‘bramble‘, a word meaning any impenetrable scrub, has traditionally been applied specifically to the blackberry or its products[1], though in the United States it applies to all members of the Rubus genus. The (usually) black fruit is not a true berry; botanically it is termed an aggregate fruit, composed of small drupelets. It is a widespread and well-known group of over 375 species, many of which are closely related apomictic microspecies native throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere and South America

7. Black Spruce / Picea mariana

Picea mariana is a slow-growing, small upright evergreen coniferous tree (rarely a shrub), having a straight trunk with little taper, a scruffy habit, and a narrow, pointed crown of short, compact, drooping branches with upturned tips. The cones are the smallest of all of the spruce… It differs from Picea glauca (White spruce) in having a dense cover of small hairs on the bark of young branch tips, an often darker reddish-brown bark, shorter needles, smaller and rounder cones, and a preference for wetter lowland areas.

Common Plants of North America | 2012 | Design, Flora, Uncategorized